One of my primary musical interests for the last few years have been in a genre that’s come to be called “eai”. Originally this stood for “electro-acoustic Improvisation” but has taken on a wider meaning then a literal take on those words would imply (however I think that the term does adequately describe the genre, but that’s another post). A post on the ihatemusic forum asking for “essentials” in the genre finally motivated to do something I’d been thinking about for a while – try to create a list of the albums that define this genre. Obviously somewhat tilting against windmills, especially as I certainly haven’t heard everything (however it isn’t an impossible task to hear nearly everything in this genre at this point in time) and furthermore a task open to endless criticism as peoples “favorites” may differ from what I think of as :”essential”. Taking this as a personal project though I think it is valuable and is well suited for blog posting. Here I can update, modify, expand and so on the list. One project I want to work on is the pre-history are especially links in modern composition. Anyway here it is, my list of the core EAI albums.



Group Ongaku
Music of Group Ongaku (Hear Sound Art Library) 1960-61
Spacecraft (on Live Electronic Music Improvised) (Mainstream) 1966
AMMMusic (ReR Megacorp) 1967
The Crypt (Matchless) 1968
Music Now Ensemble
Silver Pyramid (Matchless) 1969
The Aarhus sequences (disc 1 of Laminal)  (Matchless) 1969

Taj Mahal Travellers
July 15th 1972 (CBS/Sony)
Taj Mahal Travellers
August 1974 (P-Vine Records)
Gentle Fire Earle Brown, John Cage Und Christian Wolff (EMI Electrola) 1974
Takehisa Kosugi Catch-Wave (CBS/Sony) 1975
David Tudor Microphone (Cramps) 1978

The Great Hall (disc 2 of Laminal)  (Matchless)  1982
Hugh Davies Shozyg Music For Invented Instruments (FMP)
AMM Combine + Laminates + Treatise “˜84 (Matchless) 1984
David Tudor Three Works For Live Electronics (Lovely Music) 1984
AMM The Inexhaustible Document (Matchless) 1987
Keith Rowe
A Dimension of Perfectly Ordinary Reality (Matchless) 1989

Early/mid 90’s
Newfoundland (Matchless) 1992
David Tudor David Tudor Plays Cage & Tudor (Atonal Records)
AMM Live in Allentown USA (Matchless) 1994
Polwechsel (hat[now]ART) 1994
AMM Before driving to the chapel we took coffee with Rick and Jennifer Reed (Matchless) 1996
Queue (Perdition plastics) 1997
Kevin Drumm Kevin Drumm (Perdition Plastics) 1997
Ryoji Ikeda +/- (Touch) 1997


The Issue at Hand (Matchless)
Sachiko M/Otomo Yoshihide
Filament 1 (Extreme)
Polwechsel 2
Polwechsel 2 (hat[now]ART)
s/t (Orange Disc) (Charhizma)
Taku Sugimoto
Opposite (Hat Hut, hatNOIR)

Keith Rowe
Harsh (Grob)
Keith Rowe/Günter Müller/Taku Sugimoto
The World Turned Upside Down (Erstwhile Records)
Otomo Yoshihide
Cathode (Tzadik)
Sachiko M
. Debris (F.M.N. Sound Factory)
At Penguin House (Slub)
Phil Durrant/Thomas Lehn/Radu Malfatti dach (Erstwhile Records)
Nobukazu Takemura Scope (Thrill Jockey)
Sachiko M/Günter Müller/Otomo Yoshihide Filament 2 (for4ears) (recorded 1998)
Toshimaru Nakamura/Tetuzi Akiyama/Taku Sugimoto The Improvisation Meeting at Bar Aoyama (Reset) (recorded 1998)

Andrea Neumann/Toshimaru Nakamura
AT0N (Rossbin)
Keith Rowe/Burkhard Beins
Grain (Zarek)
Toshimaru Nakamura/Sachiko M
do (Erstwhile Records)
Günter Müller/Lê Quan Ninh
La Voyelle Liquide (Erstwhile Records)
Taku Sugimoto/Kevin Drumm
Den (Sonoris)
Otomo Yoshihide Anode (Tzadik)
Otomo Yoshihide/Keith Rowe/Taku Sugimoto Ajar (Alcohol) (recorded 1999)

Peak Era

Fine (Matchless)
Various Artists
Improvised music from Japan presents Improvised music from Japan 10 CD Boxset (IMJ)
Toshimaru Nakamura/Tetuzi Akiyama
Meeting at Off Site vol. 1 (IMJ)
Otomo Yoshihide
Ensemble Cathode (IMJ)
Tetuzi Akiyama
Relator (Slub)
Burkhard Stangl/Taku Sugimoto
An old fashioned duet (Slub)
Taku Sugimoto/Burkhard Stangl/Christof Kurzmann
in Tokyo: first concert, second take (Music Genera)
Keith Rowe
29 October 2001 (Sound 323)
Rhodri Davies
Trem (Confront)
Keith Rowe/Toshimaru Nakamura
Weather sky (Erstwhile Records)
Otomo Yoshihide
Anode (Tzadik)
29092000 (Sat/Amoebic)
Annette Krebs
Guitar Solo (Fringes)
Hugh Davies Warming Up With The Iceman (Grob)
Various Artists
Not Necessarily “English Music” (EMF)

Norbert Möslang
lat_nc (for4ears)
Dafeldecker/Hautzinger/Tilbury/Sachiko M
Absinth (Grob)
John Butcher
Invisible Ear (Fringes)
Kaffe Mathews/Andrea Neumann/Sachiko M
In case of fire take the stairs (IMJ)
Toshimaru Nakamura/Tetuzi Akiyama
Meeting at Off Site vol. 2 (IMJ)
Tetuzi Akiyama/Toshimaru Nakamura/Taku Sugimoto/Mark Wastell
Foldings (Confront)
MIMEO/John Tilbury
The Hands of Caravaggio (Erstwhile Records)
Tears (Erstwhile Records)
Andrea Neumann/Burkhard Beins
Lidingö (Erstwhile Records)
Various Artists
AMPLIFY 2002: balance (7 CDs/1 DVD box set) (Erstwhile Records)
Sachiko M/Sean Meehan
s/t (no label)
Philip Samartzis/Sachiko M
Artefac (Dorobo)
Otomo Yoshihide/Taku Sugimoto/Sachiko
M Les Hautes Solitudes-A Philippe Garrel Film: Imaginarry Soundtrack (Out One)
Otomo Yoshihide/Keith Rowe/Taku Sugimoto
Ajar (Alcohol)
Tetuzi Akiyama
Résophonie (A Bruit Secret)
Broken consort
Done (QuakeBasket)
Rec.Extern (Thrill Jockey)

Otomo Yoshihide/Park Je Chun/Mi
Yeon Loose Community (IMJ)
Toshimaru Nakamura
Side Guitar (IMJ)
Toshimaru Nakamura/Tetuzi Akiyama
Meeting at Off Site vol. 3 (IMJ)
Joel Stern/Matt Davis
Small Industry (L’Innomable)
John Tilbury
Barcelona Piano Solo (Rossbin)
Sachiko M
1 : 2 (A Bruit Secret)
Keith Rowe/John Tilbury
Duos for Doris (Erstwhile Records)
Martin Siewert/Martin Brandlmayr
Too Beautiful to Burn (Erstwhile Records)
s/t (Sound Tectonics/YCAM)
Dion Workman
Ching (Antiopic)
Highway My Friend (hatOLOGY)
Stephane Rives
Fibres (Potlatch)

Anthony Guerra/Matt Earle
In (L’Innomable)
Keith Rowe/Axel Dörner/Franz Hautzinger
A View from the Window (Erstwhile Records)
Sachiko M/Toshimaru Nakamura/Otomo Yoshihide
Good Morning Good Night (Erstwhile Records)
Keith Rowe/Burkhard Beins
ErstLive 001 (Erstwhile Records)
Christian Fennesz/Sachiko M/Otomo Yoshihide/Peter Rehberg
ErstLive 004 (Erstwhile Records)
Keith Rowe/Sachiko M/Toshimaru Nakamura/Otomo Yoshihide
ErstLive 005 (Erstwhile Records)
Filament BOX (F.M.N. Sound Factory)
Lifitng Concrete Lightly (Serpentine Gallery)
Martin Ng / Tetuzi Akiyama
The Sealed Knot
Unwanted Object (Confront Collectors Series)
Radi Malfatti/Mattin
White Noise (W.M.O/R)
s/t (Copula)
Hugh Davies Tapestries (Ants)


Four Gentlemen of the Guitar
Cloud (Erstwhile Records)
John Tilbury/Marcus Schmickler
Variety (A-Musik)
Sean Meehan
Sectors (for Constant) (SoSEDITIONS)
Graham Halliwell
Recorded Delivery (Confront Collectors Series)
Anti-Sex/Anti-Wiretapping (Made in Taiwan) (Little Enjoyer/JYRK/GMBY)
s/t (Copula)

Keith Rowe/Toshimaru Nakamura
between (Erstwhile Records)
Dark Room Filled with Light (Uplink)
November Quebec (Esquilo)
Toshimaru Nakamura/Klaus Filip
aluk (IMJ)
Eddie Prevost
Entelechy (Matchless)
Taku Sugimoto/Taku Unami
Tengu Et Kitsune (Slub)
Will Guthrie/Ferran Fages Cinabri (Absurd)
Bonnie Jones
Vines (EMR)
Mark Wastell/David Lacey/Paul Vogel
Live at the i+e festival (Confront)
Traw with Rhodri Davies
Cwymp Y Dwr Ar Ganol Dydd (Confront)
Manfred Werder
20061 (Skiti)
Burkhard Stangl / Taku Unami
I was (Hibari)
Fergus Kelly/David Lacey
Bevel (Room Temperature)
Nmperign/Jason Lescalleet
Love Me Two Times (Intransitive)
Jeph Jerman/Albert  Casais/Greg Davis
6×20 (Winds Measure)
Joe Foster
Knock Nevis (For Wilson Zorn and J.P. Jenkins) (homophoni)
Ami Yoshida/Christof Kurzmann
a s o (Erstwhile Records)

Annette Krebs/Robin Hayward
sgraffito (no label)
Sachiko M
Salon de Sachiko (Hitorri)
Keith Rowe
The Room (Erstwhile Records)
sight (Cathnor Recordings)
Mitsuhiro Yoshimura
and so on ((h)ear rings)
Nate Wooley
The Boxer (EMR)
5 Modules series
I-IV (Manual)
Angharad Davies/Tisha Mukarji
Endspace (Another Timbre)
Taku Unami
Malignitat (Skiti)
Mitsuhiro Yoshimura/Taku Sugimoto
BGM and so on  ((h)ear rings)
Marc Baron/Bertrand Denzler/Jean-Luc Guionnet/ Stéphane Rives Propagations (Potlatch)

Annette Krebs Berlin Electronics (Absinth)
Toshimaru Nakamura/English
One Day (Erstwhile Records)
Radu Malfatti
L’Effaçage (B-Boim)
Masahiko Okura/Taku Sugimoto/Taku Unami
Chamber Music Concerts Vol. 1 (HibariSlubloadfactor)
Annette Krebs/Toshimaru Nakamura SIYU (SoSEDITIONS)
Seymour Wright Seymour Wright of Derby (Self Released)
Ami Yoshida/Minoru Sato Composition for voice performer (1997 and 2007) (ao to ao)
Ryu Hankil/Hong Chulki/Choi Joonyong 5 Modules V (The Manual)
Mitsuhiro Yoshimura/Masahiko Okura
Trio (Presquile)
Choi Joonyong/Hong Chulki/Sachiko M/Otomo Yoshihide Sweet Cuts, Distant Curves (Balloon & Needle)
Keith Rowe/Taku Unami Erstlive 006 (Erstwhile Records)
Keith Rowe Erstlive 007 (Erstwhile Records)

Tomas Korber/Utah Kawasaki Pocket Size Isolationism (Esquilo)
Phil Durrant/Lee Patterson/Paul Vogel Buoy (Cathnor Recordings)
Radu Malfatti/Taku Unami Goat Vs Donkey (Taumaturgia)
Kevin Parks/Joe Foster Prince Rupert Drops (homophoni)
Various Relay: Archive 2007-2008 (The Manual)
Toshimaru Nakamura/Ami Yoshida Soba to Bara (Erstwhile Records)
Andrea Neumann
Pappelallee 5 (Absinth)
Keith Rowe/Oren Ambarchi Cornelius Cardew Treatise (Planam)
Keith Rowe/Sachiko M Contact (Erstwhile Records)
Radu Malfatti/Klaus Filip imaoto (Erstwhile Records)
Noid, Taku Unami ï¿¢ + : * (The Manual)

(so far”¦)